A disturbing trend I have noticed is that today’s generation of cricket lovers seem content to know about contemporary players. Their knowledge of the past greats is very limited. This is borne out through my inter action with several cricket enthusiasts as also by a number of polls conducted by various publications. The questions pertaining to the greatest Indian team, greatest batsmen, greatest bowlers, greatest all-rounders and so on invariably have only cricketers stretching back at most to the seventies. Today’s generation of cricket lovers have been brought up on television and DVD’s and because there is so little footage of cricket played from the thirties to the sixties the younger followers of the game are quite ignorant of the feats performed by CK Nayudu and Lala Amarnath, Mohammed Nissar and Amar Singh, Vijay Merchant and Mushtaq Ali, Vinoo Mankad and Subash Gupte, Vijay Hazare and Vijay Manjrekar, Polly Umrigar and the Nawab of Pataudi.
Reading unfortunately is a vanishing habit. In my youth in the sixties we were brought up on books from where we got to know about the exploits of great cricketers of previous eras. I remember reading avidly about Trumper and Hobbs, Hammond and Hutton, O’Reilly and Grimmett, Nayudu and Merchant and going through books written by Neville Cardus, Ray Robinson, RC Robertson Glasgow, AA Thomson and Berry Sarbhadhikari. With reading a lost art, there is this tendency by today’s generation of cricket lovers to belittle the facts and figures associated with cricketers of a bygone period.
I think it is here that writers and historians closely associated with the game over an extended period have a role to play in educating today’s cricket followers about the stand out performances that the heroes of yore notched up. That is why in all my books I have concentrated on recounting the great deeds, the great players and the great Test matches played from the thirties to the sixties. It is these decades that the young cricket followers of today have to be educated and informed about.
It’s easy for the followers of the game today – particularly the young and the uninitiated - to point out that the Test average of Nayudu was 25 and Mushtaq Ali 32 while Tendulkar and Dravid average about 55 or that the strike rate of Mankad and Gupte does not compare favourably with those of Anil Kumble and Harbhajan Singh. Actually it is never easy to represent a country in its formative years. The dice is frequently loaded against these cricketers and both the batsmen and bowlers are fighting a losing battle against far more experienced sides who also have better players. I have always had a high regard for the pioneering cricketers who had to swim upstream and symbolize courage in adversity while retaining my admiration for today’s cricketers. In the formative years when Indian teams suffered one setback after another, went from one defeat to another with very few victories to show for all their efforts, the country was fortunate to have many courageous players who defied the odds and came up with performances that attracted attention all over the cricketing world.
Then came the major turning point in Indian cricket - the India Rubber Year of 1971 when the team won contests in West Indies and England for the first time and a certain Sunil Gavaskar made his presence felt in no uncertain terms. He provided the inspiration and since then Indian cricket has gone from strength to strength. The players since then have been the cynosure wherever the game has been played. They have displayed the skill, subtlety and artistry traditionally associated with cricketers from the sub continent as also technical excellence, an ideal temperament and the important qualities of courage, dedication, determination and concentration. But their deeds should not in any way dim the lustre surrounding the feats of the pioneers. To cite just one example – though it is by no means an isolated one – Hazare’s hundred in each innings in a losing cause against Lindwall and Miller at Adelaide in 1948 is as great a feat as anything notched up by Tendulkar and Dravid, Laxman and Sehwag. When Hazare passed away in December 2004 former BCCI president Raj Singh Dungarpur, a close observer of the game for about six decades, expressed the view that he was one of the five greatest Indian batsmen the others in his opinion being Nayudu, Merchant, Gavaskar and Tendulkar.
The presence of a number of outstanding cricketers today should not in any way overshadow the great players of yesteryear and the courageous deeds they performed frequently swimming upstream. Only two Indian cricketers have performed the feat of scoring a century and taking five wickets in an innings and both were in losing causes – Mankad at Lord’s in 1952 and Umrigar at Port of Spain ten years later. And not too long ago Gary Sobers hailed Subash Gupte as the greatest leg spinner ever to take the field. Talking to an Australian newspaper the legendary all rounder said ``Shane Warne’s a great bowler but the best leg spinner I have ever seen is still Gupte. He could do things that I still don’t believe all these years later.’’ Gupte took 149 wickets in 36 Tests in the period 1951-1961 when fielding standards were abysmal and the batting brittle.
Today’s cricketers are undoubtedly great players. They have shaped some of the most notable triumphs in the history of Indian cricket. The batting is particularly strong and this has eased the pressure on the bowlers - a point made by a grateful Kumble when he said in an interview that the bowlers’ task was made simpler by the batsmen giving them huge totals to back them up. Consider the scenario in the sixties when the batting repeatedly failed and the bowlers had to defend totals of 250 or thereabouts. Even this the spin quartet did quite often. What the luckless Pataudi as captain could have achieved with just one Kapil Dev or Srinath – in the days when the Indian new ball bowling was a joke – is something that is impossible not to speculate upon. Also one must not forget that the stars of yesteryear did not have the kind of opportunities and facilities that today’s cricketers enjoy.
As I said I have unstinting admiration for today’s cricketers. I am only advocating that some of the past cricketers were also great and considering the circumstances I have mentioned they should be given their due and not be judged by figures alone.